Is Solo Female Travel in Ethiopia Safe?

By on Published: November 15, 2018 | Last Updated: October 27, 2021 in Africa, ETHIOPIA, Solo Female Travel with 4 Comments

Is Solo Female Travel in Ethiopia Safe?

It’s a question I get asked a lot.

A surprising amount in fact.

And I’m not sure why?!

Perhaps because I never asked it before I travelled solo to Ethiopia.

Perhaps I should have!

Perhaps because there’s not many of us ladies backpacking Ethiopia solo.

Perhaps there should be more!

But either way, for solo female wanderers looking to travel Ethiopia alone and wondering if it’s safe, here’s the full personal lowdown based on my own experience.

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Personal Experience

Ethiopia, Lalibela, Me Looking Out

So as with most things I say about, well, anything, this post is of course based on my personal experience.

Having spent over 2 months enjoying solo female travel in Ethiopia and planning to head back shortly, I can only say from my experience that I’ve had nothing but good times in this country as a solo female backpacker.

I’ve never once felt threatened, uncomfortable or unsafe.

But this, as with anything, isn’t an objective, unequivocal truth.

It’s just my experience and that which I’ve heard from others.

Nothing is 100% safe in life, but a lot of risks can be mediated with the same level of common sense if applied anywhere.

And with that disclaimer over, let’s get to it…



If you’re interested in an unforgettable, well-priced tour in Ethiopia with guides you can trust, then email me at [email protected] with details of where you want to go and I’ll send you my top recommendations – simple!

Ethiopia, Danakil Depression, Dallol Me Hiking


Male Attention

Like in most of Africa (sorry to generalise but in my experience it’s true) as a solo female traveller you are likely to attract some attention.

Look, there’s point dancing around the issue, that’s how it is from my white girl female perspective.

However, never have I found this male attention worrying or disconcerting.

Generally, it’s very well-intentioned and innocent, as in non-threatening if you sensitively decline any advances or make your “uninterested” position clear.

Often it seems like attention to us – perhaps from our “western” or “European” perspective – but sometimes I think it’s just a sort of cultural appreciation we’re not used to.

This “forwardedness”, this “saying what you think”!

But anyway, the point remains that while you’re likely to get some male attention in Ethiopia as a foreign solo backpacker, it’s likely to be harmless and or go further.

If people ask for your number and you don’t want to give it, politely decline.

Ditto if you don’t want to go for a drink or meet tomorrow.


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Dress Codes

Ethiopia, Omo Valley, Mursi Girl

As a deeply religious country, Ethiopia can have some conservative values and if you’re coming north into Ethiopia from further south in Africa, this may surprise you.

Above the knee shorts or dresses are almost never worn in Ethiopia for example – by both men and women alike.

This is especially true outside Addis Ababa, so if you want to blend in, long skirts or trousers are definitely the way to go.

This is also true if you want to minimise male attention.

To be honest I only wore an above-the-knee dress once in Ethiopia and felt so uncomfortable I immediately put some leggings on underneath!

This isn’t because anyone said anything or I got any unwarranted attention, it was just because I quickly realised my white bare legs stuck out a mile and that’s generally an image I try to shy away from when I’m travelling.

And while we’re on the vague subject of leggings, I have to say ladies, that I always felt way more comfortable wearing them with a short dress or long top – something that covered my bum!

Let’s leave it at that!

When it comes to tops, short sleeve and strappy tops (singlets) are totally fine!



Cultural Boundaries

Ethiopia, Afar Region, Desert Window

From what my male Ethiopian friends have told me, Ethiopian women tend to be quite shy especially in the presence of a pursing male.

Or at least this is the role they are “supposed” to adopt.

Forward women is not something local people are necessarily used to – although there is an understanding that western rules around dating etc tend to be a little more liberal.

Men also seem to feel some sort of duty to buy everything for women when going out for dinner / drinks etc.

Even when the relationship is platonic.

If someone “invites” you anywhere for anything, then it means they will pay.

You have to get in first with the “inviting” if you want to pay ladies and even then, good luck!

Smoking in public is not something a lot of non-urban Ethiopian women do, so just be mindful that you might attract some attention if you are smoking on the street as a woman in more rural parts of Ethiopia especially

And while women do drink here, especially younger ones, being widely drunk or raucous in public is definitely going to make you stick out.


Addis Ababa

Ethiopia, Yeha, Outside Church

It’s likely to be the place you start your trip to Ethiopia because it has the only international airport in the country.

And it’s probably a good thing because is a perfect spot to ease into Ethiopia in terms of local vs western values.

As always, with cities that act as the commercial and economic hub of a country, there’s a lot more international influence and acceptance.

Once you leave the city however, you’ll quickly realise that Addis is a world unto itself in Ethiopia and not really like the rest of the country at all.

That said, for a big bad city, Addis is amazingly chilled when it comes to solo female travel and pretty damn safe as African cities go to.

I walked around totally fine by myself in the daytime and at night, hit a few restaurants and bars with other people I met in the hostel.

I wouldn’t suggest walking around Addis by yourself at night as a solo female (I wouldn’t advise this anywhere to be honest) so get taxis if you want to venture more than a couple of blocks after dark.

It’s also worth knowing that probably the best area to stay in whilst you’re in Addis Ababa is the Bole region.

Both this and the Kazanchas districts are near the airport and have a good selection of hotels and entertainment at night.

They are also quite well-heeled areas and more used to solo female foreigners.



If you’re in Addis for any amount of time, then I always recommend staying at Mr Martin’s Cozy Place.

A lovely local guesthouse with a friendly hostel atmosphere, private rooms here are well-priced with both ensuite and shared bathroom options on offer.

Mr Martin’s is also well situated in the Bole area with some good food and bar options around.

Get the best rates for Mr Martin’s Cozy Place here.


Outside the Capital

Ethiopia, Danakil Depression, Lake Asale Sun

As I said, outside of Addis, Ethiopia feels like a different country.

And the further you go, the more rural places become.

The thing it’s hard to do when talking about solo female travel in Ethiopia, is generalise, because this country is massive and very diverse with lots of different ethnic groups.

From the traditional communities of the Omo Valley region in the south, to the Islamic-dominated city of Harar in the east, through the desert people of the Afar region or the young students in the lakeside city of Bahar Dar, Ethiopia is massively varied and different cultural practices and sensitivities dominate.

My advice as a solo female traveller is to just research a little before about each region you visit and don’t wear short skirts or trousers anywhere!

The common thing that you will find everywhere in Ethiopia is the friendliness of the people, the insane level of hospitality and their desire for a good chat and a coffee, no matter where you’re from or what gender you are!



I would never think of travelling to Ethiopia without proper coverage and always recommend travel insurance from World Nomads who I’ve used during my time in this country and throughout Africa.

I love their great coverage of hiking activities – crucial for travel in a country like Ethiopia – as well as their excellent customer service and ability to claim online, which is very handy if you’re travelling in remote places for a long time.

Alternatively, if you’re a long-term traveller, digital nomad or frequent remote worker looking for travel insurance with Covid-19 cover, then look no further than Safetywing’s great Nomad Insurance policies.

These guys will cover you at some seriously great prices, including if you have to quarantine!



Ethiopia, Danakil, Volcano Fire

I’ve already talked about Addis at night – personally I would go out but only in the company of others or with taxis – just common sense.

It’s the same in other parts of the country.

Being out after dark is not a problem, but you’ll often find there’s not a lot going on and being with someone local will help you find the fun!

Ethiopian dancing is amazing and definitely try to see this in a traditional restaurant, club or bar once during your time here!

As a woman, you are very likely to be asked to join in!



#1 Headlamp – Required for those all too often power cuts. I love my Black Diamond Storm, which hasn’t failed me in Africa yet!

#2 Toilet Paper – Most places don’t provide it!

#3 Long, Thin, Hiking Trousers – Perfect for the cold evenings and hiking opps in Ethiopia, as well as when visiting churches or Addis Ababa, I love this pair from Columbia.

#4 Good Camera – An absolute must if you’re looking to capture the incredible landscape and historical artifacts of Ethiopia. I love my mirrorless Sony A6000, which is light, compact and robust – ideal for Africa travel

#5 Travel Scarf or Sarong – Whether it’s covering your shoulders in the churches, wrapping round you at night as a shawl or using as a protection from the dust, a travel scarfis a great multi-purpose travel item for Ethiopia travel.

#6 Travel Insurance – I always recommend travel insurance from World Nomads and have personally used them during my time in Ethiopia and beyond. I love the ability this company give you to extend coverage while abroad and to claim online.


Packing Items

Ethiopia, Yeha, Old Bible

And now I turn to what to bring for solo female travel in Ethiopia.

We’ve talked about the long trousers and skirts ladies – so bring these.

We’ve talked about leggings being fine, but preferably with a long top or dress over the top to cover your butt!

We’ve talked about singlets / strappy tops and T-shirts being ok.

It does get cold in some parts of Ethiopia at night, because of the altitude, so bring layers and a windproof jacket if you get chilly easily like me.

I even wore my beanie hat once or twice!

Bring footwear you can hike in, as well as footwear you can walk comfortably in during the day.

Bring spare toilet paper, wet wipes and tissues because not everywhere provides them.

Bring a travel towel.

Bring your moon cup (for those who know how good these things are). Or bring your tampons otherwise.

Bring flip flops, sandals or best of all, Birkenstocks.

Bring loose, thin clothes for the places in Ethiopia that are insanely hot, like the Danakil Depression and Omo Valley.




So there you have it, my take on whether it’s safe to travel in Ethiopia as a solo female.

As you can tell I’m definitely in the affirmative camp!


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About the Author

About the Author: Creator of Big World Small Pockets, Stephanie Parker is a budget travel addict! Originally from Jersey in the Channel Islands, Stephanie backpacks the world collecting tips, advice and stories, to share with a smile .

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There Are 4 Brilliant Comments

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  1. Bizen A says:

    Thank so much for your opinion about my Ethiopia and for the fair and anbaised assessment. However could you let your readers know that the might American dollar goes a long way in Ethiopia when you price out is it dollars or Birr thanks again

  2. Lauren says:

    this is a great guide! I didn’t know about the toilet paper haha!

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